Obesity is a condition caused by excessive accumulation of fat in the body.
It has adverse health effects, leading to reduced life expectancy and / or increased health problems. Obese people are those whose body mass index (BMI) – a measurement taken by dividing a person’s weight in kilograms by the square of their height in meters – exceeds 30 kg / m².
Increases the chances of developing various diseases such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, osteoarthritis, and asthma. In some cases the primary cause is genes, endocrine disorders, medication or psychiatric illness.
Evidence to support the view that some obese people eat less but gain weight due to slow metabolism is limited. On average, obese people expend more energy than their slim counterparts due to the energy required to maintain increased body mass. Diet and exercise are the basis for treating obesity.
The quality of nutrition can be improved by reducing the consumption of high-energy foods, such as those high in fat and sugar, and by increasing fiber intake.
Obesity increases the risk of many physical and mental illnesses.
These comorbidities are usually manifested by metabolic syndrome, a combination of health problems that include: type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol levels and high triglyceride levels. It has been described by the World Health Organization as a dangerous and serious disease.
Obesity can manifest many chronic diseases, including:
2. Cardiovascular diseases
4. Respiratory and venous insufficiency
7. Hormonal disorders
10. Certain forms of cancer
Causes of obesity
The causes of obesity can vary from person to person.
Genetic, environmental, psychological, and other factors can contribute to its creation.
Obesity seems to be significantly influenced by genetic factors.
However, the fact that members of a family usually share a common lifestyle and therefore eating habits makes it difficult to recognize the degree of influence of genetic factors. At the same time, in the same family environment, common behaviors, ways of managing conflicts, ways of dealing with stress are shared, the combination of all the above makes it difficult for us to talk about clear genetic factors of obesity.
In addition to genetic factors, various environmental factors seem to play a decisive role in the development of obesity. The level of physical activity but also the personal choices of food, number of meals, etc. affect the weight of the person.
For example, Greeks in recent years have shown a great shift towards foods with a lot of preservatives and fat, such as “fast food” in contrast to the Greeks of previous generations who preferred (necessarily many times due to financial hardship ) the now widespread “Mediterranean diet” of olive oil, vegetables and fruits.
Psychological factors can also affect eating habits. Many people react negatively to negative emotions: anxiety, sadness, anger. A recent study found that 70% of people, when stressed, resort to the refrigerator. Food is considered a powerful sedative in strong negative emotions. Other causes of obesity Some diseases can lead to obesity or even a tendency to gain weight. Hypothyroidism, Cushing’s syndrome, depression and some neurological problems that can lead to overeating or weight gain. Also, medications such as steroids and some antidepressants can cause weight gain.
The Orthomolecular Nutrition
It activates the metabolism and burns better, as a result of which the person gains his ideal weight, without deprivation diets that are ineffective and dangerous. Also the person keeps his weight constant, without relapses and in addition significantly upgrades his health levels.
At the same time the body tightens, the swelling disappears and the energy, well-being and levels of mental and physical health of the person are significantly improved.