The diagnosis of the disease is important, but in Homeopathy, the cause of the disease is not just only searches in terms of bacteria and viruses. Other factors such as the mental, emotional and physical stress that could predispose an individual to the disease are also part of the search. Nowadays, even modern medicine also considers a large number of diseases as psychosomatic. The right homeopathic treatment tries to correct this disease or predisposition.
Diagnosis for bulimia nervosa
According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV TR) published by the American Psychological Association, the criteria to diagnose a patient with bulimia are the following:
Repeated overeating episodes.
An overeating episode is characterised by two of the following
1. Eating at a specified time, the amount of food that is definitely larger than what most people would eat under similar circumstances.
2. The lack of control over eating during the episode: a feeling that one cannot stop eating or control what or how much one eats.
Repeated and inappropriate compensatory behaviour to prevent weight gain, like self-induced vomiting, abuse of laxatives, diuretics or other medications, fasting, excessive exercise.
- Unjustified self-evaluation that is affected by body shape and weight.
- These symptoms occur at least twice a week on average and continue for at least 3 months.
- The disorder does not occur exclusively during episodes of anorexia nervosa
There are two subcategories of Psychogenic Bulimia:
1. Purging Type: the patient uses induced vomiting (which may include the use of emetics such as ipecac syrup) and other means to remove food from the body fast in order to digest, such as laxatives, diuretics, and enemas.
2. Non-purging Type: this amounts to about 6% -8% of cases, where the patient uses excessive exercise or fasting after overeating to compensate for calorie intake after eating.
Psychogenic Bulimia may be difficult to detect, in comparison to Anorexia Neervosa, because bulimics tend to be on average slightly above or below average weight. Many bulimics can also engage to significantly disordered diet and exercise, patterns that do not meet the full diagnostic criteria for Psychogenic Bulimia
Effects of bulimia nervosa
These often include fast and out-of-control eating, which may stop when the bulimic person is interrupted by another person or his/her stomach is in pain due to over-expanding, followed by induction of vomiting or other forms of purging. This cycle can be repeated several times a week or, in more serious cases, several times a day, and can immediately cause
- Chronic gastric reflux after eating
- Dehydration and hypokalaemia caused by frequent vomiting
- Electrolyte imbalance, which can lead to cardiac arrhythmia, cardiac arrest, even death
- Wounds in the oral cavity, where the repeated insertion of fingers or other objects causes rupture of the mouth or throat lining.
- Digestive ulcers
- Perimolysis, or erosion of tooth enamel by gastric acid.
- Swelling of salivary glands.
- Fissure or rupture of the oesophagus caused by repeated forced vomiting.
- Serious cases of caries (“cavities”) since stomach acid decreases the pH in the oral environment making teeth much more susceptible to desalting.
Causes for Bulimia Nervosa
Bulimia is associated with deep psychological issues and feelings of lack of control. Patients often use a catastrophic type of diet to feel that they have control over their lives. After a while, they will realise that they no longer have control over their overeating (polyphagia) and purging. Polyphagia becomes an addiction that seems impossible to break. Recovery is very tough, and often, in the early stages of recuperation, the patient will gain weight as he/she is rehydrated and receives electrolytes lost during the purging process.
There are higher rates of eating disorders in groups that are involved in activities emphasising in slimness and body type, such as gymnastics, modelling, dancing, cheerleading, jogging, acting, lightweights/coxswains and figure skating. Bulimia is more common among Caucasians. In one study, the diagnosis of psychogenic bulimia was associated with high testosterone and low oestrogen levels, and normalisation of these levels with combined oral contraceptive pills, reduced cravings for fat and sugar.
Homeopathic treatment for Bulimia Nervosa
Homeopathy treats a person as a whole. This means that homeopathy treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as on his/her pathological condition. Homeopathic medicines, selected after a complete personalised examination and case study, including the patient’s medical history, his/her physical and mental status, family history, symptoms, underlying pathology, are possible causative factors. Miasmic tendency (predisposition / sensitivity) is also often taken into account to treat chronic conditions. A homeopathic doctor tries to cure more than just evident symptoms. Focus is usually placed on what caused the disease condition? Why “this patient is sick in this way”.
The diagnosis of the disease is important, but in Homeopathy, the cause of the disease is not just only searches in terms of bacteria and viruses. Other factors such as the mental, emotional and physical stress that could predispose an individual to the disease are also part of the search. Nowadays, even modern medicine also considers a large number of diseases as psychosomatic. The right homeopathic treatment tries to correct this disease or predisposition. Focus is not placed on treating the disease, but on treating the person that is sick, to restore health. If a disease pathology has not progressed much, this is what homeopathic therapies exactly do, and not just provide hope for treatment. But even in incurable cases, quality of life can be significantly improved with homeopathic medicines.